It sounds like these all contribute to a general state of alarm that make animals retreat to safer areas. Now, with the ban on hunting grizzlies, we'll be able to put to bed the impact that hunters played on this issue. I suspect that hunters only have a minimal direct role in animals departing from areas, both because of the minimal number of grizzlies hunted each year prior to the ban, but also because generally hunters tend to be slower moving and quieter than summer ATV riding or winter snowmobiling. Also, as any hunter would know, the amount of predator sign, specifically wolf sign, that can be found on roads indicates that they use roads to improve their ability to travel.
Anyways, the publication can be found here:
Here are the best graphics from the publication
|There are so many forestry service roads (FSRs) in BC. We need to do a better job or revegetating them to improve habitat for all animals, including grizzlies and ungulates.